Ein heiliger Kroate – Hieronymus der Dalmatiner

Auf Anhieb, ohne Vorbereitung überraschte mich letzte Woche die Berliner Gemäldegalerie am Kulturforum mit zehn Darstellungen des heiligen Hieronymus. Deutsche Renaissancemaler (Lukas Cranach, Albrecht Altdorfer, Hans Schäufelein), Italiener, Holländer sind präsent.20190209_141759-neu-kl

Was hat sie bewogen, diesen Gelehrten und Kirchenfürsten des 5. Jahrhunderts in unterschiedlichen Posen und Umgebungen zu porträtieren, der vor nunmehr über einem Jahrtausend gelebt und gewirkt hatte, dem nicht das Schicksal eines grausam gefolterten und getöteten christlichen Märtyrers zugefallen war? Gewiss mag eine Rolle gespielt haben, dass ihm die bekannte LEGENDA AUREA des Jacobus de Voragine aus dem 13. Jahrhundert ein umfangreiches Kapitel widmete, jene unerschöpfliche Quelle der religiösen Legenden, Biographien und Ereignissen seit Christi Geburt, die der Phantasie der Künstler an der Wende von der Gotik zur Renaissance in Europa mannigfaltige visuelle und sensuelle Anregungen vermittelte. Aber warum gerade dieser Greis, der halbnackte Alte in der Wüste, der Theologe in der Klosterzelle, der Geselle des Löwen?

Ich glaube, dass seine Herkunft aus Dalmatien, dem heutigen Kroatien an der Ostküste der Adria einen Schlüssel bietet zur Beantwortung dieser Frage. Das gebildete Europa des ausgehenden Mittelalters verband diese Region mit den klassischen theologischen Zentren West- und Mitteleuropas, es sah sie als Verbindungsglied zu Byzanz und den legendären heiligen Stätten der christlichen Ursprünge in Palästina.

Künstler, die Hieronymus mit Kardinalshut abbilden oder sogar wie Lukas Cranach d.Ä. den zeitgenössischen Erzbischof von Mainz, Kardinal Albrecht von Brandenburg zum Modell des Heiligen erwählen, stellen so einen ausdrücklichen Bezug zur klerikalen Hierarchie des 15./16. Jahrhunderts her. So bedarf es nicht der naturalistischen Darstellung gemarterter, verbrannter, zerstückelter, geräderter heiliger Frauen wie Katharina, in den Altarbildern und Holzschnitzereien, um die Kirchgänger in ihrem Glauben zu stärken. Der friedliche alte Hieronymus mit seinem zahmen Löwen, ein Kirchenbruder, Mönch, Eremit und Kardinal in Einem, vielleicht glaubhafter als die heiligen Frauengestalten? Und er stammte aus einer Landschaft in der Nähe, aus Kroatien-Dalmatien! – ein Stück Venedig, das man ja kannte, wie Albrecht Dürer verriet.

20190209_144839-neu-kl

Dr. Dieter Weigert, Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg

Autor: lliensternberlin

Dr. phil. (echt Philosophie und auch noch habil. in Politologie), inzwischen Pensionär - aktiv in Denkmalschutz und Denkmalpflege, besonders Kirchen und historische Friedhöfe in Berlin an Wochenenden - unter der Woche in unregelmäßigen Abständen engagiert in Lehrerfortbildung (Geschichte, Architektur, Literatur und Theater.Bildende Kunst)

3 Kommentare zu „Ein heiliger Kroate – Hieronymus der Dalmatiner“

  1. The kids are on christmas break from school, and keeping them busy is
    difficult. Here’s an idea.ship them off to grandmother’s house so you can have
    the last minute shopping or cooking or baking executed.or just to give yourself a breather.

    Encourage check-ins at your event and parties. Using Facebook’s application tracking service press „Check In“ a
    the top by your status update – came from here it’s simple
    to add your event for the list of locations. Everyone who check
    ins discover who’s checked in.

    Games – The first main associated with entertainment i like to is console games.

    There are quite a few games available on the market that can be free, or cost very little, you
    could download there are numerous internet. The Apple App Store is a great place start looking.
    Customized and so games are even educational
    and will stimulate head develops.

    1) iUseThis: This app will ensure it keeps track
    of all the apps you’ve got in your phone and which ones do you use.

    Just like a log file, it assists you outside in keeping a record of your used apps.
    All you need is to register for this app, download it
    by the app store and then all require is to show it from.
    In addition, if you would decide among 2-3 similar apps,
    and was confused on 1 to download, you may use this app to choose for you based on facts.

    Blackberry apps help us to personalize the phone according
    in our usage. Numerous numbers of apps could be downloaded off the App World
    for gaming, communication, music, themes etc for our ease
    valuable. Downloading blackberry apps put in at home.
    Most for this phones will having an 918kiss pc download
    link which will directly connect them into the app realm.
    Or you can download the hyperlink and access the app world for searching the applications a person simply need.
    There will be an app eligible anything which i ask in order for.
    Apps are classified into different categories. This is the apps are found to be free or can come by paying
    some volume money. The money is paid through your PayPal webpage.

    Meaning, Schmidt’s silly prediction about how everybody tend to be developing first/primarily for Android
    is not likely to become a reality. Not next year, maybe not
    ever.

    For more particularly the apps, you can go to iTunes
    and see these you like. Placed their names in the apps above to be aware you want
    and what you will can get. http://www.tablerock-statepark.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=coachingparents.com%2F__media__%2Fjs%2Fnetsoltrademark.php%3Fd%3Dmyslot.live%26popup%3D1

    Gefällt 1 Person

  2. The kids are on vacation break from school, and keeping them busy is difficult.

    Here’s an idea.ship them off to grandmother’s house so you can get their last
    minute shopping or cooking or baking accomplished.or just to give yourself a rest.

    We know it’s not because Customers choose „the web“
    over apps. iOS conintues to dominate in web rummaging.
    Plus, 10 billion app downloads — via sanctioned Android app market —
    is a huge variety. That should give you the chance to ascend to its own as sensible monetization opportunity or promotion. But
    it does not.

    AUDIO QUALITY:The BD670 has built-in audio decoding for Linear PCM, Dolby Digital Plus, Dolby TrueHD and DTS-HD Master Audio.
    Additionally, it can transmit Dolby TrueHD and DTS-HD Master Audio audio formats of their native bit-stream to be
    decoded by an A/V receiver. Receive captivating connections include
    HDMI, Digital Audio – Optical and Analog Audio 2.0-channel.
    There isn’t any multi-channel analog outputs, if you decide to want your A/V receiver to decode
    the audio, it get a HDMI input.

    Bear at that rivalry is steadily increasing as overcrowded involving the Internet; you have enough two a couple
    of seconds to capture a persons vision of your prospect.
    When the visitor is confused or frustrated because what are usually looking
    for is not there or they aren’t finding it, they are
    getting to leave your website in order to find a more obvious solution throughout the next
    website they visit.

    Will goods make your prospect happier and save them year?
    Will they be healthier or richer? It’s imperative that you convey for
    one’s prospect whenever they buy from you, they’ll 918kiss pc download
    receive this is and important benefit. Think, are you offering them value?

    I prefer creating a Linux machine that will run tied
    to the Windows machine, but a person are are less irritating with Windows, then I highly recommend buying a
    license for MojoPac. Decide a person have want Windows or Red
    hat.

    THE FINAL WORD: The BD670 maybe LG’s best Blu-ray Player
    in its 2011 line-up. Offering many extra features, while still providing excellent
    blu-ray visuals and sounds. This new updated model may now have revolutionize the
    blu-ray player, but it has evolve significantly enough to warrant being name one of the
    highest quality players this the year. http://enginartarlasi.info/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=myslot.live%2Findex.php%2Fdownload%2F25-918kiss-scr888

    Gefällt 1 Person

  3. The kids are on vacation break from school, and keeping them busy
    is difficult. Here’s an idea.ship them off to grandmother’s house
    so you can get their last minute shopping or cooking or baking accomplished.or just
    to give yourself a rest.

    We know it’s not because Customers choose „the web“ over apps.
    iOS conintues to dominate in web rummaging. Plus, 10 billion app
    downloads — via sanctioned Android app market — is a huge variety.

    That should give you the chance to ascend to its own as sensible monetization opportunity
    or promotion. But it does not.

    AUDIO QUALITY:The BD670 has built-in audio decoding
    for Linear PCM, Dolby Digital Plus, Dolby TrueHD and DTS-HD Master Audio.

    Additionally, it can transmit Dolby TrueHD and DTS-HD Master Audio audio formats of their native
    bit-stream to be decoded by an A/V receiver. Receive captivating connections include HDMI, Digital Audio – Optical and
    Analog Audio 2.0-channel. There isn’t any multi-channel analog outputs,
    if you decide to want your A/V receiver to decode the audio,
    it get a HDMI input.

    Bear at that rivalry is steadily increasing as overcrowded involving the Internet; you have enough two a couple of
    seconds to capture a persons vision of your prospect.
    When the visitor is confused or frustrated because what are usually
    looking for is not there or they aren’t finding it, they are getting to leave your website in order to find a more obvious solution throughout
    the next website they visit.

    Will goods make your prospect happier and save them year?
    Will they be healthier or richer? It’s imperative that you convey for one’s prospect whenever they buy
    from you, they’ll 918kiss pc download receive this is and important benefit.
    Think, are you offering them value?

    I prefer creating a Linux machine that will
    run tied to the Windows machine, but a person are are less
    irritating with Windows, then I highly recommend buying a license for
    MojoPac. Decide a person have want Windows or Red hat.

    THE FINAL WORD: The BD670 maybe LG’s best Blu-ray Player in its 2011 line-up.
    Offering many extra features, while still providing
    excellent blu-ray visuals and sounds. This new
    updated model may now have revolutionize the blu-ray player, but it
    has evolve significantly enough to warrant being name one of the
    highest quality players this the year. http://enginartarlasi.info/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=myslot.live%2Findex.php%2Fdownload%2F25-918kiss-scr888

    Gefällt 1 Person

Kommentar verfassen

Trage deine Daten unten ein oder klicke ein Icon um dich einzuloggen:

WordPress.com-Logo

Du kommentierst mit Deinem WordPress.com-Konto. Abmelden /  Ändern )

Google+ Foto

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Google+-Konto. Abmelden /  Ändern )

Twitter-Bild

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Twitter-Konto. Abmelden /  Ändern )

Facebook-Foto

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Facebook-Konto. Abmelden /  Ändern )

Verbinde mit %s