Hieronymus BOSCH oder die EVA an und für sich

bosch-a-8-buhlerin-2Kriege zerstören das Leben einer Frau tausendfach und das Leben tausender Frauen millionenfach.

Die Geschichte der bildenden Kunst präsentiert unzählige Werke, gewidmet dieser Botschaft. Die Sprache der Bildhauer, der Maler und Zeichner, ob figürlich oder abstrakt, kann die Gefühlstiefe der Verletzungen der Frau, der ihr angetanen Gewalt, der subtilen Herabsetzung und Abwertung durch die dominante Männergesellschaft weitaus wirksamer ausdrücken als das Wort des Schriftstellers.

Nehmen wir den niederländischen Maler Hieronymus Bosch. Das Triptychon „Die Versuchung des heiligen Antonius“ (Museo de Arte Antiga, Lissabon) zieht uns durch Feuer, Hexensabbat, fliegende Dämonen, Halluzinationen einer Traumwelt mitten ins Kriegsgeschehen hinein – und in jeder Szene die gemarterte, missbrauchte, auch selbst die Mittel der Verführung einsetzende Frau.

Die Wende vom 15. zum 16. Jahrhundert, in der das Werk entstand, war geprägt von Kriegen, Hoffnungslosigkeit, innerkirchlichen Machtkämpfen. Für die den Schrecken der diesseitigen Welt ausgesetzten Menschen blieb die Phantasie oft der einzige Ausweg – nicht verwunderlich, dass Künstler wie Bosch ihnen Phantasiefiguren in den Altarbildern anboten – zur Verdeutlichung der Schrecken, aber auch als Zeichen der Hoffnung, des Trostes, eines vermeintlichen Auswegs. Der verkehrten, unmenschlichen Welt auf Erden für den „gemeinen Mann“ (und die „gemeine Frau“) stellt Bosch eine aufrüttelnde verkehrte Welt von dämonisierten Tieren, Naturereignissen, aus der Normalität gerissenen Alltagsgegenständen entgegen.

Die grotesken Figuren und Spukgestalten – und das ist das Eigentümliche an Boschs Antonius-Altar – bedrängen den Heiligen nicht unmittelbar körperlich, nicht quälend, sondern mehr spirituell, sinnlich-abstrakt.

bosch-a-5

Sinnlich-konkret jedoch die Frauenfiguren: eine Buhlerin drängt sich im Mittelteil des Triptychons mit ihrem schlanken, gut gekleideten Körper an den Rücken des Heiligen, die Schöne, Nackte mit der Hand am Unterleib, im hohlen Baum (rechte Tafel) und die Hexen auf allen drei Tafeln, verführerisch und gleichzeitig Verführte, durch Spinnweben an den Teufel gebunden.

Mit dieser, wenn auch hauchdünn, subtil dargestellten Bindung der Frauenfiguren, dem Verlust ihrer Eigenständigkeit und Selbstbestimmung rückt die gesellschaftliche Realität in den Mittelpunkt der Ästhetik Boschs und seiner Zeitgenossen, ein zeitloses Thema.

Dieter Weigert, Berlin, Dezember 2018

Autor: lliensternberlin

Dr. phil. (echt Philosophie und auch noch habil. in Politologie), inzwischen Pensionär - aktiv in Denkmalschutz und Denkmalpflege, besonders Kirchen und historische Friedhöfe in Berlin an Wochenenden - unter der Woche in unregelmäßigen Abständen engagiert in Lehrerfortbildung (Geschichte, Architektur, Literatur und Theater.Bildende Kunst)

6 Kommentare zu „Hieronymus BOSCH oder die EVA an und für sich“

    1. There is my comment to Your answer: „My family members all the time say that I am killing my time here at web, except I know I am getting know-how daily by reading thes nice content“ – do not accept such strange opinion! Believe in yourself and try to make the Best. greetings from old Germany

      Liken

  1. The city of Palma has good roads system and the traffic is controlled in a proper manner.
    For full travel needs, be confident the Car Hire Palma Airport,
    the cheapest mode of transport. You can get good discounts for a car rentals centered around your
    needs. Area is connected with good roads, this helps the tourist
    to access many places by traveling in a vehicle Hire Palma.
    You will have a unique experience by traveling in right now
    and it makes your tour fun filled.

    Creating a newsletter end up being the icing on the cake so to talk.
    This is an unnaturally powerful marketing tool, some thing I
    suggest personally. Simply place the link on your website asking folks to
    sign up for your free e-mail newsletter. Mail a newsletter a rare occasions a month,
    and let your customers know about promotions and m mega
    888 cc. Dominant.Powerful.Powerful.

    Those using a higher budget should also check out the most powerful Alienware
    desktop, find out what 51 ALX. Featuring probably the most extreme graphics, the fastest
    possible speeds and progressive design, this monster
    that are of a desktop computer offers probably the most intense gaming
    experience available.

    Always remember you are constantly building your brand,
    whether it’s consciously or not. The decision to hire
    (or not) a work person with bad grammar is more than a service decision, it’s a branding decision.

    14. Other ideas feel are „best before date“ these are foods and product possess passed their
    finest before information. There is nothing wrong with meals
    or pieces. They are extremely cheap to buy and represent good
    monetary value.

    Pop easily into Wal-mart or Target or K-mart – are you in any doubt that subjected to testing trying provide you an issue?
    Lots of signs for specials and deals and special deals.if you buy
    now. Well, you requirement to be just a little less precious
    and acquire a little retail about your web site.
    EVERY page in your web site must have either an ebook HERE or ONLINE ENQUIRY button up
    toward the top right hand corner of the on-page sms. This simple
    addition has been known to double hotel online bottom line.
    Your web site should be created with goals in mind.a) make a sale, b) have users make
    an enquiry or c) encourage them to register to receive your newsletter and using cases d) as they leave, ask why they did
    not buy. Your internet site end up being be a sales funnel,
    persuading visitors to buy.

    Special offer: If are generally selling something then offer special discounts on saturdays
    and sundays. Buy one get one free promotion can also be offered in weekends.
    This particular can definitely attract potential customers to make their purchase on weekend. http://we.cx/12winmobileslotdownload563231

    Gefällt 1 Person

  2. The city of Palma has good roads system and the traffic is
    controlled in a proper manner. For full travel needs, be confident the Car Hire Palma Airport, the cheapest mode of transport.
    You can get good discounts for a car rentals centered around your needs.
    Area is connected with good roads, this helps the tourist to
    access many places by traveling in a vehicle Hire Palma.
    You will have a unique experience by traveling in right now and it makes your tour fun filled.

    Creating a newsletter end up being the icing
    on the cake so to talk. This is an unnaturally powerful
    marketing tool, some thing I suggest personally. Simply place the link on your
    website asking folks to sign up for your free e-mail newsletter.
    Mail a newsletter a rare occasions a month, and let your customers know about promotions and m
    mega 888 cc. Dominant.Powerful.Powerful.

    Those using a higher budget should also check out the
    most powerful Alienware desktop, find out what 51 ALX.

    Featuring probably the most extreme graphics, the fastest possible speeds
    and progressive design, this monster that are of a desktop computer offers probably the most
    intense gaming experience available.

    Always remember you are constantly building your brand,
    whether it’s consciously or not. The decision to hire (or not) a work person with bad grammar
    is more than a service decision, it’s a branding decision.

    14. Other ideas feel are „best before date“ these are foods and product possess passed
    their finest before information. There is nothing wrong with meals
    or pieces. They are extremely cheap to buy and represent good monetary value.

    Pop easily into Wal-mart or Target or K-mart – are you in any doubt that subjected to testing trying provide you an issue?
    Lots of signs for specials and deals and special deals.if you buy now.

    Well, you requirement to be just a little less precious and acquire a little retail about your web site.
    EVERY page in your web site must have either an ebook HERE or ONLINE ENQUIRY button up toward the top
    right hand corner of the on-page sms. This simple addition has been known to double
    hotel online bottom line. Your web site should be created with goals in mind.a) make a sale, b) have users make an enquiry or
    c) encourage them to register to receive your newsletter and using cases d) as they
    leave, ask why they did not buy. Your internet site end up being be a sales funnel,
    persuading visitors to buy.

    Special offer: If are generally selling something then offer special discounts on saturdays and sundays.

    Buy one get one free promotion can also be offered in weekends.
    This particular can definitely attract potential customers to make their purchase on weekend. http://we.cx/12winmobileslotdownload563231

    Gefällt 1 Person

    1. There is my comment to Your answer: „My family members all the time say that I am killing my time here at web, except I know I am getting know-how daily by reading thes nice content“ – do not accept such strange opinion! Believe in yourself and try to make the Best. greetings from old Germany

      Liken

Schreibe eine Antwort zu mega win casino apk Antwort abbrechen

Trage deine Daten unten ein oder klicke ein Icon um dich einzuloggen:

WordPress.com-Logo

Du kommentierst mit Deinem WordPress.com-Konto. Abmelden /  Ändern )

Google Foto

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Google-Konto. Abmelden /  Ändern )

Twitter-Bild

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Twitter-Konto. Abmelden /  Ändern )

Facebook-Foto

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Facebook-Konto. Abmelden /  Ändern )

Verbinde mit %s